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Globalisations, abolition of quotas and establishment of WTO are some of the challenges for developing countries as well as industrialised countries. Textile industry requires a large labour force as a most important global industry. About six per cent of world merchandise trade is constituted by textile and clothing. Particularly for textiles, the textile industry is regarded as an engine for economic growth.

India's textile industry is worth around Rs.800 billion (US$ 22.05 billion) accounting for approx. 20% of India's total industrial output. EXPORTS
Textile export of US$ 10.68 billion achieved in 1995-96 accounts for more than one-third of India's overall exports. India's textile exports are increasing at the rate of 20% annually,  1999-2000 recorded a export turnover of  US$11.1 billion India's textile industry is poised to take a gap in the new globalised scenario as it is implementing and modernisation programmes costing US$ 6 billion.    

India's Export of Textiles

(Figures in Million)

  1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000

1.  Cotton Textiles

A :  Cotton Yarn :





(including Sewing Thread)        
B. Cotton Fabrics & Made Ups        
(i)    Millmade 21147.2 24093.4 31807.5 36128.3
(ii)   Powerloom 40089.5 45198.9 48890.5 51786.4

(iii)  Knitted

3559 3222.7 3612.8 3268.9

(iv)  Handloom


18548.1 20079.4 18919.1


134701.4 149719.6 164062.6 176973.8
2. Silk Textiles 8764.6 9044.2 10362.7 12745.3
(Including RMG)        
3. Wool & Woollen Textiles 5483.5 6633.4 6535.7 6234.1
(Excluding Knitwear & RMG)        
4. Man-Made Fibre Textiles 32266 37656.1 40683.5 47327.6
5. Apparel        
All Fibre RMG and Knitwear 167292.4 183895.7 222086.8 239834.5
Except Silk        
Grand Total 348507.9 386949 443731.3 483115.3

Source: Office of the Textile Commissioner, Mumbai.

Steps to boost Textile Exports

Govt. of India has been operating several schemes to boost textile exports and has undertaken some initiatives with a view to helping the textile exporting industry to overcome some inherent disadvantages and to facilitate growth in exports of textiles & textile products from the country.  The main objective of these schemes is to ensure availability of capital goods and raw material to the manufacturers at globally competitive rates

A number of steps have also been taken to arrest the downslide of cotton yarn exports such as removal of precondition of fulfillment of Hank Yarn Obligation for cotton yarn exports; and granting permission to export yarn without any count/domestic cotton use restriction to 100% EOUs.  Under the Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) Scheme, textile machinery both new & second hand, can be imported at concessional rates of duty, subject to time bound discharge of the prescribed export obligations.  The threshold limit for availment of zero duty EPCG scheme has been lowered from Rs. 200 million to Rs. 10 million in respect of garment sector.

It can be seen that the developments in the Textile Sector, the massive investments in the Indian Textile Industry and the on going modernisation process have helped the industry to become competitive in the international markets.  An increasing number of units are entering value addition fields to meet the needs of the global market.  Endowed with the inherent advantage of an assured supply of good quality raw material and human skills, the industry is posed to be a leading player in the international textile market.


Graphical Representation of the above statistics

Status Carpets Yarns Production Centres
Cotton Textiles Exports Fabric Major Items Of Export

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